Hijras are physiological males who have a feminine gender identity, adopt feminine gender roles, and wear women's clothing. They do not conform to conventional notions of male or female gender but combine or move between the two. Their vulnerabilities, frustrations, and insecurities have historically been overlooked by mainstream society. Therefore, they are marginalized and stigmatized communities. The Hijra claims that mainstream society does not understand their culture, gender, mentality, and sexuality. Dimensions of their social deprivation and harassment to them have never received attention in the development society.

In modern India, Hijras often live a ghetto-like existence, in their own communities which are called "Gharana." They make a living by dancing and celebrating in births and marriage ceremonies but often to resort to other means to make both ends meet. Yet, the community is beginning to make a mark in the national mainstream as well. In the 2011 census, the Indian State identified Hijras' gender as "other," which only met the approval of some Hijras. A 2014 Supreme Court verdict ruled that Hijras should be recognized under a separate "third gender" category.

Source: https://brewminate.com/the-hijras-of-ancient-to-modern-india/

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